Dept. Math, Hokkaido Univ. EPrints Server

Generalized Weak Weyl Relation and Decay of Quantum Dynamics

Preprint Series # 715
Arai, Asao Generalized Weak Weyl Relation and Decay of Quantum Dynamics. (2005);

[img]TeX DVI
160Kb

Abstract

Let $H$ be a self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$, $T$ be a symmetric operator on ${\cal H}$ and $K(t)$ ($t\in \R$) be a bounded self-adjoint operator on ${\cal H}$. We say that $(T,H,K)$ obeys the {\it generalized weak Weyl relation} (GWWR) if $e^{-itH}D(T) \subset D(T)$ for all $t \in \R$ and $Te^{-itH}\psi=e^{-itH}(T+K(t))\psi, \forall \psi \in D(T)$ ( $D(T)$ denotes the domain of $T$). In the context of quantum mechanics where $H$ is the Hamiltonian of a quantum system, we call $T$ a {\it generalized time opeartor} of $H$. We first investigate, in an abstract framework, mathematical structures and properties of triples $(T,H,K)$ obeying the GWWR. These include the absolute continuity of the spectrum of $H$ restricted to a closed subspace of ${\cal H}$, an uncertainty relation between $H$ and $T$ (a \lq\lq{time-energy uncertainty relation}"), the decay property of transition probabilities $\left|\lang \psi,e^{-itH}\phi\rang \right|^2$ as $|t| \to \infty$ for all vectors $\psi$ and $\phi$ in a subspace of ${\cal H}$. We describe methods to construct various examples of triples $(T,H,K)$ obeying the GWWR. In particular we show that there exist generalized time operators of second quantization operators on Fock spaces (full Fock spaces, boson Fock spaces, fermion Fock spaces) which may have applications to quantum field models with interactions.

Item Type:Preprint
Uncontrolled Keywords:generalized weak Weyl relation, time operator, canonical commutation relation, Hamiltonian, quantum dynamics, survival probability, decay in time, time-energy uncertainty relation, Schroedinger operator, Dirac operator, Fock space, second quantization.
Subjects:81-xx QUANTUM THEORY
ID Code:934